Eye defects are abnormalities of the eyes caused by several factors including birth, infections or even accidents. Eye defects are not limited to just elderly people but can also affect a child from birth.

It is important for parents to identify these defects in their child early to avoid total vision loss, if the defects are discovered early treatments can be given to correct or maintain the child’s sight. Here are some eye defects that can affect a child from birth, they are:

  • Lazy Eyes

This occurs when the eyes does not work hand in hand with the brain and so the brain favor one eyes over the other making the other eye see less. Lazy eyes  is also called Amblyopia and should be treated as soon as detected to prevent total vision loss in that eye. The types of lazy eyes are:

Strabismic amblyopia to avoid double vision caused by poorly aligned eyes, the brain ignores the visual input from the misaligned eye, leading to amblyopia in that eye (the “lazy eye”).

Refractive amblyopia sometimes, amblyopia is caused by unequal refractive errors in the two eyes, despite perfect eye alignment.

Deprivation amblyopia this is lazy eye caused by something that obstructs light from entering and being focused in a baby’s eye, such as a congenital cataract.

  • Short – Sightedness

Also called Myopia, this is when the eyes cannot see things that are far from it. It affects both the young and old and can be corrected or maintained with glasses, contact lens. Here are indicators that a child is short sighted:

You may have trouble clearly seeing images or words on a whiteboard, movie screen or television.

Car number plates and road signs may appear blurry.

Children who are short-sighted may sit at the front of the classroom or very close to the TV.

  • Color Blindness

This occurs when the eye cells that detect colors are not working properly these cells are called Cone Cells. The condition can be from birth or caused by drugs.

  • Presbyopia

When the muscles of the eyes loose its elasticity due to age, the eyes cannot form images clearly. It usually comes with age that is the older the person the higher the tendencies.

  • Long – Sightedness

In this condition, a person can see distant objects clearly and objects that are close are blurry. It affects both the young and old and can be corrected or maintained with glasses, contact lens. Here are indicators that a child is long sighted:

Find that nearby objects are fuzzy and out of focus, but distant objects are clear

Have to squint to see clearly

Have tired or strained eyes after activities that involve focusing on nearby objects, such as reading, writing or computer work

experience headaches.

  • Astigmatism

Is a refractive error were the eye does not focus light evenly on the retina. Astigmatism can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery. Here are indicators of astigmatism”




Distorted or blurred vision at all distances

Difficulty driving at night

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