When a child struggles with writing, it’s called “dysgraphia”. Dysgraphia refers to difficulty in the skills needed to produce writing. This includes handwriting, typing, and spelling. The major sign of dysgraphia is messy penmanship. Trouble expressing yourself in writing isn’t part of dysgraphia.


People with dysgraphia tend to use wrong terms for what they are trying to communicate. Parents and teachers often mistake dysgraphia for dyslexia. While dyslexia is related to reading difficulty, dysgraphia is exclusively connected to a child’s writing ability.

Dysgraphia


Characteristics of dysgraphia


Incorrect spelling and capitalization.
Slow or labored handwriting.
Frequent erasing.
Unusual wrist, body, or paper positioning while writing.
Difficulty with spacing text.
Low confidence and a negative self-image.
Excessive fatigue or burnout from writing.
Talks to self while writing.
Decreased or increased speed of writing and copying.
Improper use of margins and lines.

TYPES OF DYSGRAPHIA


Dyslexic dysgraphia.
Motor dysgraphia.
Phonological dysgraphia.
Spatial dysgraphia.
Lexical dysgraphia.

Dyslexic dysgraphia


A person’s spontaneous written work is unreadable, copied work is pretty good and spelling is bad. A dyslexic dysgraphic does not necessarily have dyslexia. Dyslexia and Dysgraphia appear to be unrelated but often can occur together.


Motor dysgraphia


Lack of fine motor coordination and visual reasoning has long been tied to dysgraphia and may explain difficulties with producing written text.


Spatial dysgraphia


It applies to problems of spatial reasoning, which affects letter spacing and drawing ability. Individuals with spatial dysgraphia struggle with handwriting and drawing.


Phonological Dysgraphia


It is characterized by writing and spelling disturbances in which the spelling of unfamiliar words, non-words, and phonetically irregular words is degraded.


Lexical Dysgraphia


This type of dysgraphia is evident when a person can spell but depends on standard sound to letter patterns with the misspelling of irregular words.


CAUSES OF DYSGRAPHIA


Poor motor skills.
Inadequate visual processing of letters and words.
Difficulty in retaining visual impressions.
These patients lack the connections between the different centers of the brain that are responsible for writing.

Treatment of Dysgraphia


Occupational Therapy.
Pediatric Therapy.
Educators with several fun, playful learning activities to ignite learning

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