Apraxia is a neurological disorder of the brain and nervous system in which a person is unable to perform tasks or movement when asked.

Apraxia is difficulty with skilled movements even when a person has the ability and desire to do them. It can also be called dyspraxia if mild. This occurs due to dysfunction of the cerebral hemisphere of the brain especially the parietal lobe.


Patients with apraxia cannot use tools or perform such acts as tying shoelaces or button shirts.

Types of Apraxia

There are different types of Apraxia

  1. Buccofacial or Orofacial
  2. Limb-kinetic Apraxia
  3. Ideomotor Apraxia
  4. Ideational Apraxia
  5. Constructional Apraxia
  6. Verbal Apraxia

Buccofacial apraxia (facial – oral apraxia) is the ability to co-ordinate and carry out facial and lip movements such as whistling, winking, coughing, etc on command. It is the most common form of the disorder.


The most common causes of acquired apraxia are

  • Brain tumor
  • Dementia
  • Stroke
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Hydrocephalus
    At times, Apraxia may appear at birth. Symptoms appear as the child grows and develops. The cause is unknown.

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