Agriculture is the science of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food and other by products. Its history dates back to thousands of years ago. Norman Ernest Borlaug (25 March 1914 – 12 September 2009) was an American agricultural scientist and humanitarian. He is considered by some to be the “father of modern agriculture” and the “father of the green revolution”. He won the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for his life’s work. Agriculture over the years has contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.
A geometric progression in human race now means that subsistence farming (hoe and cutlass)is getting outdated and the need for studying Agriculture and seeing it as a career is ever on the increase. Commercial farming is now becoming the “next big thing”, as a lot of people keep venturing into agriculture. In fact, the value chain present in this field is becoming so enormous that anyone can be a Farmer or make a career from it.
Careers in Agriculture is one of the largest in the entire world as it creates employment and then plays a vital role in the economy of the world at large. When it comes to value chain in Agriculture, you do not necessarily need to be concerned with growing of crops or rearing of animals, what you need to do is to concentrate on how you can add value in the field. One can be a Market Analyst, a Distributor, a Logistics person, a plant breeder or a soil scientist. For example, Mr. Jide has a poultry farm where he has 1000 layers of chickens, he needs to vaccinate the chicken, so he calls the services of a vet doctor. He also needs to buy feed for the chicken. When his chickens starts to lay, he needs crates to keep them in. He also needs a truck along with a driver to deliver eggs to his customers. Mr. Jide is a busy man and at that he will need a farm manager to keep watch over his farms when he is away. He needs to also keep a record of his finances so he will need an accountant. In the example above, we have so many actors in the value chain there like the vet doctor, the feed man, the farm manager, the accountant, the driver, the man that sells crates who brings a basic agricultural product from production in the field to final consumption.
Agriculture can be a beautiful and lucrative career like any other career to venture in when we understand that about a quarter (25%) of the world’s population struggles to eat good nutritious food on a daily basis. We all need to be aware of all this value chains and see how we can key in or align our skill sets and see where to fit in, in order to join the next generations of commercial farmers that would be saddled with the responsibility of providing food and making it sustainable for an ever growing, fast paced planet.

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